Do longer growing seasons mean bigger seeds?
Last updated: 18 Oct, 2017
Researchers at the University of Granada have proposed, for the first time, 'universal laws' for seed size and biology. Using mathematical models and an exhaustive data analysis of 500 plant species, they showed that the global distribution of dormancy and seed size follow a predictable pattern that depends on climate.
In the research published in New Phytologist, the authors show that global patterns of seed dormancy and size are a result of the adaptation to seasonal environments. In environments where the growing season is short, smaller, dormant seeds are favoured, whereas in the tropics, large non-dormant seeds tend to dominate. Longer growing seasons mean bigger seeds.
Rafael Rubio de Casas, from the Department of Ecology at the UGR School of Science, with some seeds.
Rafael Rubio de Casas, researcher at the University of Granada, concluded that, thanks to the data obtained from this study, they will be able to make predictions on plants that will occupy different habitats and even determine which plants will better adapt to a particular environment.
Read the paper: Rubio de Casas, R., Willis, C. G., Pearse, W. D., Baskin, C. C., Baskin, J. M. and Cavender-Bares, J. (2017) Global biogeography of seed dormancy is determined by seasonality and seed size: a case study in the legumes. New Phytologist 214: 1527–1536. doi: 10.1111/nph.14498
Mike Whitfield (@mgwhitfield)